Research and Development at the BHUDRH focuses on applied research relevant to population health and the delivery of health services in rural and remote settings.

The research and development stream of the BHUDRH and CRHR specifically focuses on research and evaluation that relates to remote and regionally specific issues and/or populations. This may include research or evaluation that has a remote component within a broader research and development issue.

The BHUDRH (and CRHR) research and development activity and engagement is guilded by the following three principles:

BHUDRH areas of research and development (*BHUDRH priority area):
Examples of research and development activity in each of the three areas include:
  • Rural Health Workforce and Education*
    • Extended Nursing Placement Program evaluation
    • Clinical Courage project
    • ENRICH evaluations
  • Rural Health and Health Outcomes*
    • School Based Primary Health Care Service evaluation
    • Modified Theory of Access
    • Lead Management Program
  • Other collaborative and curiosity-driven health research
    • Interstate Palliative Care project
    • Cricket Injury Prevention Program

Department of Rural Health, Broken Hill, University of Sydney

2023 Research output listing Publications

Randall, S., White, D., & Dennis, S. (2023). A collaborative primary health care model for children and young people in rural Australia: explorations of cross-sectoral leader action. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 29(6), 566–574.

Wenham, J., Best, M., & Kissane, D. W. (2023). An Online Survey of Australian Medical Students’ Perspectives on Spiritual History Taking and Spiritual Care. Journal of Religion and Health.

White, D., Jones, D., Harvey, P., Wright, F., Tarrant, L., Hodgetts, L., Allen, K., Oxford, S., Mitcham, A., & Livingstone, K. (2022). Competition or collaboration in regional Australia? A cross‐border and multi‐university approach to maximising rural health investments, community health and health workforce outcomes. The Australian Journal of Rural Health, 30(6), 823–829.

Haddadan, G., Hannan, A. M., Wright, N., & Saurman, E. (2023). “Group drum helps placement working”: Unpacking the value of DRUMBEAT for interprofessional group learning during practice placement. Focus on Health Professional Education: A Multi-Professional Journal, 24(4), 87–103.

Brooks, R., White, I. A., Walters, L., Williams, S., Couper, I., Konkin, J., & Campbell, D. G. (2023). Developing conceptually sound items for a clinical courage questionnaire. Rural and Remote Health, 23(2), 1–9.

Naden, K., Hampton, D., Walke, E., Pavlovic, S. P., Graham, S., & Jones, D. (2023). Growing Our Own Rural, Remote and Aboriginal Health Workforce: Contributions made, approaches taken and lessons learnt by three rural Australian academic health departments. The Australian Journal of Rural Health, 31(3), 589–595.

Jones, C., Fraser, J., Davies, C., & Randall, S. (2023). A sledgehammer to crack a nut: Weighing up the rights of children in a pandemic. Journal of Children and Young People’s Health, 4(2), 12–19.

Longman, J., Braddon, M., Verlie, B., Schlosberg, D., Hampshire, L., Hawke, C., Noonan, A., & Saurman, E. (2023). Building resilience to the mental health impacts of climate change in rural Australia. The Journal of Climate Change and Health, 12, 100240-.

Riegel, M., Buckley, T., Randall, S. (2023) Family’s experience being offered memory making in adult intensive care and its use in early bereavement: A descriptive qualitative study. Journal of Clinical Nursing. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.16725 

Bloomfield, J., Fisher, M., Davies, C., Randall, S., Gordon, C. (2023)  Registered Nurses’ Attitudes towards E-Learning and Technology in Healthcare: A cross-sectional survey. Nurse Education in Practice 

Paine, K., Parker, S., Denney-Wilson, E., Lloyd, J., Randall, S., McNamara, C., Nutbeam, D., Osborne, R., Saito, S., Harris, M. (2023) In it for the long-haul: the complexities of managing overweight in family practice: qualitative thematic analysis from the Health eLiteracy for Prevention in General Practice (HeLP-GP) trial. BMC Primary Care. 

Pham,L., Moles, R., O'Reilly, C., Carter, S., Raynes-Greenow, C., Chen, T., Raduescu, C., Randall, S., Bloomfield, J., Strowel, C., Murphy, A., Gardner, D., El-Den, S. (2023) Perinatal women’s views of pharmacist-delivered perinatal depression screening: a qualitative study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 

Publications submitted

  • ·Julie Bertram,1* Rachel Kryah,2 Roxanne Vandermause,1 Hannah L. N. Stewart,3 Nil Ean,4,5 Steven E. Bruce,6,7 Adam W. Carrico,8 Julie A. Mannarino,2 Robert T. Brooks, and Robert H. Paul,2,7

Enhancing the Capacity for Mental Health Research and Care in Cambodia: A Phenomenological Study 2023

International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being

Submitted November 2023

  • Brooks, Robert; Chen, Jack; Williams, Susan; Campbell, David; Couper, Ian; Konkin, Jill; Walters, Lucie

Using AMOS© to conduct bifactor modelling: A practical example using the Clinical Courage Questionnaire

Applied Psychological Measurement Submitted November 2023 


  • Randall, S  2023 (17/3) Sydney Connection, Collaboration and Critical Conversations

Waranara (Health Professions Education Research Network)  Sydney University and virtual

  • Robert Brooks: Clinical Courage - the lived experience of Bush Dr’s Shoalhaven Rural Health Research Conference 18/3/2023
  • Robert Brooks, collaborating colleagues: Prof Lucie Walters, Prof Ian Couper, Prof Jill Konkin, Dr David Campbell, Dr Susan Williams

Clinical Courage: covering the gap between the patient's needs and the clinician's scope of practice  RMA Hobart October 2023

  • Winston, H., Saurman, E., Sanford, C., Wuersch, L., Johnson, D., Bennett, P., MacDougall H., Nadvil, S., Cooper, P.

2023 The long-term influence of simulation and virtual reality training: A qualitative study of FREDeX in Western NSW (poster) Dubbo, NSW, 11-12 September 2023 Western NSW Health Research Network (WHRN) 2023 Research Symposium: “Advancing the quality of rural health research through networking: reflecting on our past, empowering our future”

  • Chow, M., Saurman, E., Haddadan, G., Boreland, F.

Evidence for interventions in children with high blood lead levels – a scoping review (poster) Dubbo, NSW, 11-12 September 2023 Western NSW Health Research Network (WHRN) 2023 Research Symposium: “Advancing the quality of rural health research through networking: reflecting on our past, empowering our future”

Sanford C, Saurman E, Dennis S, Lyle D. “What is this about? Let’s play this out”: the experience of integrating primary health care registered nurses with school learning and support teams. Australian Journal of Primary Health. INPRESS;Early Online(Open Access).

Jones D, Randall S, Williams A, Waters DWhite DHaddadan G, et al. The Strength of Cross-Sector Collaborations in Co-Designing an Extended Rural and Remote Nursing Placement Innovation: Focusing on student learning in preference to student churning. Australian Journal of Rural Health. INPRESS;Early Online:1-8.

Gordon S, Burns R, Champion S, Niutta L, Bennett P. Compassion and person-centred care: Survey development for aged care workers. Australasian Journal on Ageing. INPRESS.

Bennett P, Burns R, Champion S, Gordon S. Effectiveness of an Aged Simulation Training Suit to support development of compassion and person-centred care in the aged care workforce. Australasian Journal on Ageing. INPRESS.

Saurman E, Allingham S, Draper K, Edwards J, Moody J, Hooper D, et al. Preferred place of death – a study of two specialist community palliative care services in Australia. Journal of Palliative Care. 2022;37(1):26-33.

Lyle DM, Boreland FT, Quartermain SJ. Blood lead levels among Broken Hill children born 2009-2015: Implications for the Broken Hill Environment Lead Program. Public Health Research and Practice. 2022;32(1):e31122107.

Wright N, Smith A, Saurman E. What Are They Banging On About?: The Student Experience Of DRUMBEAT As A Field Education Groupwork Activity. Advances in Social Work & Welfare Education 2021;23(1):37-54.

Wenham J, Best M, Kissane D. Systematic Review of Medical Education on Spirituality. Internal Medicine Journal. 2021;51(11):1781-90.

Saurman E, Wenham S, Cumming M. A new model for a palliative approach to care in Australia. Rural and Remote Health. 2021;21(4):5947.

Sanford C, Saurman E, Dennis S, Lyle D. “We’re definitely that link”: the role of school-based primary health care registered nurses in a rural community. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2021;27(2):76-82.

Lyle DM, Boreland FT, Soomro NGlisson-Gladman M. Is time spent outside the family home a risk factor for lead exposure in young children living in Broken Hill? . International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021(18):7721.

Klinner C, Bennett P, Hooker C. Engaging Medical Students with Art: What’s the Point? MedEdPublish. 2021;10(1):105.

Jones M, Walsh S, Lyle D, Schlicht K, Gray R. Behavioural activation for depression in rural Australia: Challenges and opportunities. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2021;29(3):477-80.

Jones D, Randall S, White D, Darley L-M, Schaefer G, Wellington J, et al. Embedding Public Health Advocacy into the Role of School-Based Nurses: Addressing the Health Inequities Confronted by Vulnerable Australian Children and Adolescent Populations. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2021;27(2):67-70.

Attar WSAA, Faude O, Husain MA, Soomro N, Sanders RH. Combining the Copenhagen Adduction Exercise and Nordic Hamstring Exercise Improve Dynamic Balance Among Male Athletes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sports Health. 2021;13:580-7.

Whitelaw L, Hammond K, Cumming M, Mansfield K, Saurman E. The Direct Access Colonoscopy Clinic: improving time to colonoscopy for eligible +FOBT patients in Broken Hill NSW. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2020;28:81-6.

Wenham S, Cumming M, Saurman E. Improving palliative and end-of-life care for rural and remote Australians. Public Health Research and Practice. 2020;30(1):e3012001.

Walsh S, Lyle D, Thompson SC, Versace VL, Brown LJ, Knight S, et al. The role of national policies to address rural allied health, nursing, and dentistry workforce maldistribution: A scoping review  MJA. 2020;213:S18-S22.

Schmidt D, Reyment J, Webster E, Kirby S, Lyle D. Workplace-based health research training: a qualitative study of perceived needs in a rural setting. Health Research Policy and Systems. 2020;18(1):67.

Schmidt D, Reyment J, Kirby S, Webster E, Lyle D. The place of research in the rural health workplace structure: a content analysis of a rural health organisation's strategic and operational documents. Rural and Remote Health. 2020;20:5493.

Moreton S, Saurman E, Salkeld G, Edwards J, Hooper D, Kneen K, et al. Economic and clinical outcomes of the Nurse Practitioner-led Sydney Adventist Hospital Community Palliative Care Service. Australian Health Review. 2020;44(5):791-8.

Lower T, Kinsman L, Dinh M, Lyle D, Cheney R, Julaine, et al. Patterns of Emergency Department Utilisation in Rural and Metropolitan New South Wales 2012 to 2018. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 2020;28(5):490-9.

Jones D, McAllister L, Randall S, Lyle D, White D, Smith A, et al. The Case for Integrated Health and Community Literacy to Achieve Community Responsive Healthcare: An inclusive approach to addressing rural and remote health inequities and community healthcare expectations. Primary Health Care Research and Development. 2020;21:e57.

Currie DJ, Peng CQ, Lyle DM, Jameson BA, Frommer MS. Stemming the flow: how much can the Australian smartphone app help to control COVID-19? Public Health Research and Practice. 2020;30(2):e3022009.

Bennett P, Cook ABS, Soomro N. Reinvigorating the Role of Spirituality in Patient-Centered Care: Islam as a doorway to increased understanding of patient spirituality. MedEdPublish. 2020;9(1).

Aggar C, Mozolic-Staunton B, Scorey M, Kemp M, Lovi R, Lewis S, Walker T, et al. Interprofessional primary healthcare student placements: Qualitative findings from a mixed-method evaluation. International Journal of Work-Integrated Learning. 2020;21(3):223-34.

Aggar C, Mozolic-Staunton B, Lovi RJ, Scorey M, Kemp M, Walker T, et al. An interprofessional clinical placement in a primary healthcare setting: a pilot study. The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice. 2020;18(1).

Soomro N, Chua N, Freeston J, Ferdinands R, Sanders R. Cluster Randomized Control Trial for Cricket Injury Prevention Program (CIPP): A Protocol Paper. BMJ Injury Prevention. 2019;25(3):166-74.

Soomro N, Chhaya M, Soomro M, Asif N, Saurman E, Lyle D, et al. Design, Development, and Evaluation of an Injury Surveillance App for Cricket: Protocol and Qualitative Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2019;7(1):e10978.

Soomro N, Asif N, Lyle D, Mills D, Sanders R. Could a new method of exposure quantification be the standard for cricket injury epidemiology? New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019;46(1):16-27.

Saurman E, Lyle D, Wenham S, Cumming M. A mapping study to guide a palliative approach to care. Rural and Remote Health. 2019;19(2):4625.

Jones D, Ballard J, Dyson R, Macbeth P, Lyle D, Sunny P, et al. A Community Engaged Primary Healthcare Strategy to Address Rural School Student Inequities: A Descriptive Paper. Primary Health Care Research and Development.2019;20(e26):1-6.

Held FP, Roberts C, Daly M, Brunero C. Learning relationships in community-based service-learning: a social network analysis BMC Medical Education. 2019.

Edwards J, Hooper D, Rothwell G, Kneen K, Watson J, Saurman E. A Nurse Practitioner-led Community Palliative Care Service in Australia – a narrative report International Journal of Palliative Nursing. 2019;25(5):245-53.